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Vines

Herdade do Freixo's 26 hectares of vineyard were planted up with vines of the highest genetic and sanitary quality and we adopted a training system that give the grapes an optimum micro-climate. This, coupled with an altitude of 450 metres, provides cool nights in the month before the harvest, allowing for prolonged and ideal ripening. The property is also bordered to the north and northwest by the Ossa mountain range and its foothills, which affects its micro-climate.

The soils are mainly volcanic and include diorite quartz and some shale.

Because of its location and abundant water, the Estate has great potential for making high quality red and white wines with unique and distinctive profiles.

We choose the most appropriate varieties or clones for our terroir, which for the reds led to selection of the following varieties, which produce concentrated, elegant wines with potential for development in the bottle.

TOURIGA NACIONAL

The calling card of Portuguese grape varieties. Thought to originate in the Dão region, it is now grown throughout Portugal and beyond. It produces full-bodied, complex wines with an aroma reminiscent of dark fruit and wild flowers.

CABERNET SAUVIGNON

A demanding grape variety in terms of temperature, which in Alentejo has ideal conditions to mature correctly. In hot, dry areas it offers up blackberry and black fruit notes. When properly matured it has excellent potential for ageing in wooden casks.

ALICANTE BOUSCHET

Alicante Bouschet is one of the French grape varieties that lives up to all of its promise in Alentejo. A red variety, which is essential for producing Alentejo red wines. It produces deep purple wines, rich in phenol compounds, with a clear vinous aroma that is reminiscent of fully ripened plum jam.

PETIT VERDOT

A fertile and productive grape variety. It produces robust, rich , deeply coloured, tannic wines. It is currently one of the grape varieties that give the best results in the Alentejo region as, even though it can have high sugar levels, its retains a high level of acidity, which is essential for laying down wines.

SYRAH

A grape variety originally from the coastal area of the Côte du Rhône or Dauphiné (France), but which is now grown across the world. This variety has average production levels, which can be high in some clones. It is not very susceptible to coulure, but is moderately susceptible to mildew, powdery mildew and grey mould on the fruit. It mature mid-season. It produces wines of medium to high alcohol content and with good intensity of colour, ranging from red violet to deep purple. It has a complex and fine aroma, a full-bodied flavour, with little acidity and slight astringency, with distinct red fruit notes. It also allows for production of interesting fruity rosé wines.

One of the great Portuguese white grape varieties. A grape variety with small clusters and very small fruit that produces must with high levels of sugar and very high acidity, which is excellent for wood aged white wines.

ARINTO

One of the great Portuguese white grape varieties, which is essential for Alentejo whites for the acidity its offers even when it is well ripened. Arinto wines are finely balanced between alcohol content and acidity. They have a light aroma with overtones of green apple and lemon.

ALVARINHO

One of the great Portuguese white grape varieties. A grape variety with small clusters and very small fruit that produces must with high levels of sugar and very high acidity, which is excellent for wood aged white wines.

SAUVIGNON BLANC

A grape variety originally from southwest France, with small grapes, which produces elegant, fresh, well-balanced and markedly distinct wines.

CHARDONNAY

This magnificent variety that, according to some, produces the world's best white wine. The aromas and flavours of the Chardonnay grape are fruity and range from apple to melon - in colder climes - as far as tropical fruits - particularly pineapple - in hotter regions. But it can also offer up earthy aromas, such as mushrooms or minerals.
It has a medium to high acidity and produces generally rich and full-bodied wines. It is ideal for varietals and fermentation in French oak casks.

RIESLING

Riesling originated in the Alsace region of France, Germany and Austria. It produces high quality wines. This grape variety has high acidity and a distinct personality. It adapts well to both hot and cold climates. Riesling wines can have a long laying down period. It can also produce sweet wines through the beneficial action of the Botrytis cinerea fungus, which leads to so-called "noble rot".

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